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VS.9 Overview

Virginia: 1900 to the Present

The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first century Virginia by

  1. describing the economic and social transition from a rural, agricultural society to a more urban, industrialized society, including the reasons people came to Virginia from other states and countries;

  2. identifying the impact of Virginians, such as Woodrow Wilson and George C. Marshall, on international events;

  3. identifying the social and political events in Virginia linked to desegregation and Massive Resistance and their relationship to national history;

  4. identifying the political, social, and/or economic contributions made by Maggie L. Walker, Harry F. Byrd, Sr., Oliver W. Hill, Sr., Arthur R. Ashe, Jr., A. Linwood Holton, Jr., and L. Douglas Wilder.


LITERATURE RESOURCES

Branch, Muriel & Dorothy Marie Rice.
Pennies to Dollars: The Story of Maggie Lena Walker. Linnet Books, 1997.
A biography of a famous African American business woman who founded a bank. She was born to slave parents in Richmond, Virginia.

Fradin, Dennis B.
From Sea to Shining Sea: Virginia. Chicago: Children’s Press, 1993.
This richly illustrated book is an introduction to the history and geography of Virginia.

Hall, Barbara.
Dixie Storms. San Diego:  Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1990.
Fourteen-year-old Dutch Peyton who has spent her entire life in the small farming town of Marston, Virginia, learns about growing up as her family struggles with a crippling drought and a painful past.  

Henry, Marguerite.
Misty of Chincoteague. New York:  Macmillan, 1947.
Two youngsters' determination to own a Chincoteague pony is greatly increased when the Phantom and her colt are among those rounded up for the yearly auction.

Lazo, Caroline.
Arthur Ashe (A&E Biographies). Lerner Publications, 1998.
The first black man to win all the major tennis tournaments of the world lived in Richmond, Virginia, and helped to create many opportunities for black athletes.

Paterson, Katherine.
Bridge to Terabithia. New York:  Crowell, 1977.
The life of a ten-year-old boy in rural Virginia expands when he becomes friends with a newcomer who subsequently befriends his cousin and together they find the strength to face the terrible losses and fears in their lives.

Paterson, Katherine.
Flip-Flop Girl. New York:  Lodestar, 1994.
Uprooted following the death of their father, nine-year-old Vinnie and her five-year-old brother, Mason, cope in different ways-one in silence-but both with the help of Lupe, the flip-flop girl as they live with their Grandma in Brownsville, Virginia.
  
Paterson, Katherine.
Jacob Have I Loved. New York:  Crowell, 1980.
Growing up on a tiny Chesapeake Bay island in the early 1940s, angry Louise reveals how Caroline robbed her of everything:  her hopes for schooling, her friends, her mother, even her name.  

Paterson, Katherine.
Park's Quest. New York:  Puffin, 1988.
Eleven-year-old Park makes some startling discoveries when he travels to his grandfather's farm in Virginia to learn about his father who died in the Vietnam War.  

Reeder, Carolyn.
Grandpa's Mountain. New York: Avon, 1991.
During the Depression, eleven-year-old Carrie makes her annual summer visit to her relatives in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia and watches her determined grandfather fight against the government's attempt to take his farm land for a new national park.

Rylant, Cynthia.
The Blue Hill Meadows. Harcourt Brace, 1997.
Tells the story of the Meadows family and the life they lead in the quiet country town of Blue Hill, Virginia.  

Warner, Getrude Chandler. (Creator)
The Mystery at Peacock Hill. Morton Grove, IL:  Albert Whitman & Co., 1998.
Determined to help their cousin Althea keep her beautiful home near Charlottesville, Virginia, the Alden children go in search of the mysterious treasure rumored to be hidden there and find many more mysteries to solve.  (The Boxcar Children, 63)

White, Ruth.
Belle Prater's Boy. New York:  Farrar Straus Giroux, 1996.
When Woodrow's mother suddenly disappears, he moves to his grandparents' home in a small Virginia town where he befriends his cousin and together they find the strength to face the terrible losses and fears in their town.  

White, Ruth.
Sweet Creek Holler. New York:  Farrar Straus Giroux, 1992.
This story recounts six years of Ginny's life, from 1948 to 1954, in a small town in Appalachia. The book gives background information about this area of Virginia during the 1950s.

Wiles, Deborah & Jerome Lagarrigue.
Freedom Summer. Atheneum, 2001.
Two friends, one black and one white, in the South during the 1960’s wait until the town pool will open to all after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. They anxiously wait the day when it comes only to find the pool closed and being filled with asphalt. The story illustrates Jim Crow laws and defiance of the Civil Rights Act.


TEACHER BACKGROUND RESOURCES

http://www.vahistorical.org/what-you-can-see/story-virginia?legacy=true
The Virginia Historical Society created this Web site based on its long-term exhibition, The Story of Virginia: An American Experience. The site features ten easy-to-read, detailed chapters on Virginia history from prehistoric times to the present. Additional enhancements, such as 100 downloadable images of artifacts, photographs, paintings, and documents from the collections, Standards of Learning references, chapter outlines, and suggested classroom activities, make this a comprehensive Web site on Virginia history. The site is completely searchable and includes numerous links to other resources on the Web. The Story of Virginia-Online provides teachers, students, scholars, and history enthusiasts with a complete resource for projects, research, and classroom instruction.

http://www.lva.virginia.gov/exhibits/political/twentieth.htm
The Library of Virginia includes a short history of twentieth century politics.





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Updated on August 11, 2008.