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VS.7 Overview

Civil War and Post-War Eras

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues that divided our nation and led to the Civil War by

  1. identifying the events and differences between northern and southern states that divided Virginians and led to secession, war, and the creation of West Virginia;

  2. describing Virginia's role in the war, including identifying major battles that took place in Virginia;

  3. describing the roles played by whites, enslaved African Americans, free African Americans, and American Indians.


Bains, Rae.
Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom. Troll Communications, 1990.
This easy biography tells about the life of Harriet Tubman as she overcame obstacles to achieve her plan to help free the slaves.

Beatty, Patricia & Phillip Robbins.
Eben Tyne, Powdermonkey.  New York:  Morrow, 1990.
A thirteen-year-old powdermonkey in the Confederate Navy joins the crew of the ironclad Merrimack in a mission to break the Union blockade of Norfolk harbor.

Denenberg, Barry.
When Will This Cruel War Be Over: The Civil War Diary of Emma Simpson. New York:  Scholastic, 1996.
The diary of a fictional fourteen-year-old girl living in Gordonsville, Virginia, in which she describes the hardships endured by her family and friends during one year of the Civil War.

Fritz, Jean & Stephen Gammell.
Stonewall. Putnam Publishing Group, 1979.
A novel about Stonewall Jackson’s life that provides interesting background information about this Civil War personality.

Grabowski, Patricia.
Robert E. Lee: Confederate General. Chelsea House, 2001.
In this biography, the reader learns about the early life of Robert E. Lee and how he became the leader of the armies of the Confederacy.

Hopkinson, Deborah & Ransome James.
Sweet Clara and the Freedom Quilt. Random House, 1995.
The story of a young girl named Clara reveals much to the reader about life as a slave and her efforts to make it to freedom by route of the Underground Railroad.

Johnson, Nancy.
My Brother's Keeper:  A Civil War Story. Camden: Down East Books, 1997.
As a young orphaned drummer boy in the Civil War, Josh Parrish joins the 20th Maine in time to be caught up in the battle for Little Round Top.  The war takes him to the battlefields of Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Petersburg, and Appomattox.

McGovern, Ann.
If You Grew Up With Abraham Lincoln.
Scholastic Trade, 1976. If you grew up with Abraham Lincoln would you have to work hard? What would your school be like? Find answers to these and many other questions in this book about Abraham Lincoln.

McKissack, Patricia.
A Picture of Freedom:  The Diary of Clotee, a Slave Girl.  New York: Scholastic, 1997.
In 1859 twelve-year-old Clotee, a house slave on Belmont Plantation in Virginia who must conceal the fact that she can read and write, records in her diary her experiences and her struggle to decide whether to escape to freedom. (Dear America Series)

Steel, Christy & Kerry Graves.
A Free Black Girl Before the Civil War: The Diary of Charlotte Forten, 1854.
This is an excellent book that depicts historical facts through the eyes of an African American female in the 1850s. It is written in a diary format.


The Virginia Historical Society created this Web site based on its long-term exhibition, The Story of Virginia: An American Experience. The site features ten easy-to-read, detailed chapters on Virginia history from prehistoric times to the present. Additional enhancements, such as 100 downloadable images of artifacts, photographs, paintings, and documents from the collections, Standards of Learning references, chapter outlines, and suggested classroom activities, make this a comprehensive Web site on Virginia history. The site is completely searchable and includes numerous links to other resources on the Web. The Story of Virginia-Online provides teachers, students, scholars, and history enthusiasts with a complete resource for projects, research, and classroom instruction.

his online collection from the Library of Congress provides access to about 7,000 different views and portraits made during the American Civil War (1861-1865) and its immediate aftermath. The images represent the original glass plate negatives made under the supervision of Mathew Brady and Alexander Gardner as well as the photographic prints in the Civil War photographs file in the Prints & Photographs Reading Room. 

http://education.nationalgeographic.com/ . . ./underground-railroad-journey-freedom/?ar_a=1
This National Geographic site lets you monitor the travels of Harriet Tubman and her support of the Underground Railroad.

The Library of Virginia summarizes the political life in Virginia after the Civil War and during Reconstruction.

Produced by Prince William County Public Schools in collaboration with
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Updated on August 11, 2008.