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VS.5a

Identifying the reasons why the colonies went to war with Great Britian as expressed in the Declaration of Independence.


READY RESOURCES

SUGGESTED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES

  • Guide students to understand that conflicts developed between the colonies and Great Britian over how the colonies should be governed.

  • Explain that the Declaration of Independence gave reasons for independence and ideas for self-government.

  • Have students identify the reasons why the colonies went to war with Great Britian as expressed in the Declaration of Independence. Go to Virginia Gains Independence.pdf for posters about the American Revolution. Visit http://www.vahistorical.org/what-you-can-see/story-virginia?legacy=true for additional information on Virginia’s role in the American Revolution.

  • Identify, using the following information as a guide, the reasons why colonists and the English Parliament disagreed over how the colonies should be governed: Parliament believed it had legal authority in the colonies, while the colonists believed their local assemblies had legal authority and Parliament believed it had the right to tax the colonies, while the colonists believed they should not be taxed since they had no representation in Parliament.

  • Have the students brainstorm what they think the word revolt means.

  • Create a KWL chart about the American Revolution, and share background information from various books.

  • Review the key facts about the French and Indian War. Explain to students that it was the turning point in reasons for wanting to be free and independent of English rule.

  • Tell students that the colonists and the English Parliament disagreed over how the colonies should be governed.

  • Tell students that the colonists communicated their feelings with each other and the king on several occasions and finally decided to declare their freedom from King George’s rule through a written document called the Declaration of Independence. Understand that the Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson, states that authority to govern belongs to the people rather than to kings and that all people are created equal and have rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

  • Show them the Declaration of Independence at http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/charters.html and tell them that a Virginian — Thomas Jefferson — was chosen to write this document.

  • Explain that the Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson, states that authority to govern belongs to the people rather than to kings, and that all people are created equal and have rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

  • Explain that the Declaration of Independence was adopted on July 4, 1776, and it officially started the Revolutionary War with England.

  • Create an event cube. Each student will chose a favorite event leading up to the Revolutionary War. Using the six sides illustrate scenes from the event, writing a heading for each picture. Hang from the ceiling.

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Updated on August 11, 2008.